Gadwal Town is an ancient town and it is a famous samsthanam in the erst while Hyderabad state, even known outside frontiers. There is a big fort with 21 – bastion constructed by Somanadri and it is reminiscent of the Chanikya art. The Gadwal Town was constituted as 3rd grade Municipality in the year 1950 and Upgraded to 2nd Grade Municipality at Present the Town Population as per House Listing operation of census 2011 is 63177 with 31935 Males and 31242 Females.
There are 13178 households residing in this town. The extent area of town is 10.14SqKms. This Town is located @ 16⁰-14’ North latitude and 77⁰-38’ east longitude in Mahaboobnagar District. This town is having 9 Revenue Wards and 33 Election Wards. The Town is situated on the Secunderabad, Banglore Railway line at a distance of 188Km away from Hyderabad and 74KM away from the District Head Quarter namely Mahaboobnagar. It is Mandal and divisional head Quarter and it is a second biggest Town in the district with a distance of 16KM away from the National Highway NO.7. The River Krishna is flowing at about 5KM away on the north side of the Town. There is an Agriculture Market Yard and Cattle. Market helping the riots to market their Products and cattle profitably. The Handloom is an important industry of Gadwal Town. Beedi making another important cottage industry in the Town. Gadwal handloom sarees are noted for their exquisite silk and “Jari” work and command a good market throughout India. There is one Mahalaxmi Adi devamma Government Arts & Science College which is famous in the district for Education Center. One P.G.Center with M.C.A. has been established.
There are 20 Poor Settlements notified in this Town. The Town is fast growing due to coming up of Priyadharshinin Jurala Project. Many new Colonies have came up in and around the Town. Due to migration of Raghavendra Colony, Colony near water Tank, Ganjipet new Colony, Revenue Colony, Radhakrishna Colony, Venkateswara Colony, Teachers Colony, Police Quarters, Nallakunta new colony, Lingambagh Colony, Douder pally road colony, Nayee Brahman Colony, Beedi Workers Colony, Chenugonipally G.P. area and Doudarpally G.P. area etc., the present amenities provided in this colonies are in sufficient to meet the demands. Due to coming up of the new colonies the sullage water and rain water stagnating at one place resulting in cesspools and mosquito breeding centers. At present this town is having only open drainage system and there is not underground drainage system in this town. At present Underground drainage system is proposed under UIDSSMT with an estimate of cost of Rs.14.69Crores. The Town is not provided with adequate number of collecting drains consequently the rain water and sullage water is stagnated at many places and giving scope for Unhygienic environment in the town.
Further day to day increase of population the vehicular Traffic is also increased due to not having wide roads and bypass roads, the intensity of vehicular movement creating accidents. At present the Municipality is having only one park namely Kamini Park situated in old Town which is not catering the needs of the town population. There are number of open places are left in the layouts approved by the D.T.&.C.P. Hyderabad and a big park is also needed for the citizens and children in the outskirts of the Town to create a healthy atmosphere.
As such there is a absolute need for the civic amenities such as formation of Master Plan roads to Bypass the Traffic. Accordingly the Government has accorded administrative sanction for Construction of Railway over Bridge (ROB) at 1st Railway gate to facilitate heavy traffic across the railway lane. Construction of Storms water Drain, Development of park, construction of Mini stadium, vegetable Market, Meet Market and also electrification.